The Duchy estate was created by Edward III in 1337 for his son and heir, Prince Edward. According to an ancient charter, the Duke of Cornwall is the eldest surviving son of the monarch and heir to the throne.
Throughout his 70 years of stewardship, HM King Charles, III, as 24th Duke of Cornwall was actively involved in running the Duchy. HRH The Prince William The Duke of Cornwall continues this commitment to nurture and improve the estate in order to pass it on to the next generation in a stronger condition.
The Duchy of Cornwall’s agricultural estate encompasses extensive woodlands and arable and livestock farms, including some smallholdings.
Where possible, the Duchy converts its redundant farm buildings to alternative uses, including holiday cottages or workplaces, to encourage small businesses within the countryside and support rural communities.
Conservation is particularly important and the Duchy encourages its farming tenants to pursue practical conservation measures alongside commercial farming. The estate invests considerably in environmental projects, and the 24th Duke of Cornwall made the organic Duchy Home Farm at Highgrove an example for others to follow.